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[六级英语] 六级改错考前练习题 8

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发表于 2012-12-5 21:45:07 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本期练习重点:非谓语动词,及物与不及物动词误用
    1
.You have to practice speak English as much as possible ____1____
    n
ow since you are going to England next year.
    2.Co
nsider the great need for improving many aspects of the ___2___
    glo
bal environment, one is surely justified in his concern
    for the mon
ey and resources
    3.At the beginning of 19th century working hours were from
    sunr
ise to sunset, pay was awful, and working conditions being ____3___
  
poor and dangerous.
    4.Today, t
he Mona Lisa looks rather somber, in dull shapes of
 
   brown and yellow. This is due to a layer of varnish cover the ____4____
    paint, whi
ch has yellowed over the years
    
5.We should avoid from those shallow people who are easily ____5_____
 
   changed by adversities misfortune.
    6.Taking to
gether, these factors enabled the working class to exist ___6___
    bu
t allowed them no sense of security.
    7.Between 18
90 and 1920, for example, some 250,000
    new reside
ntial lots were recorded within the borders
    of Ch
icago, most of them locating in outlying areas. ___7____
    8.Charles
Deschanel stressed that the French economy
    needed
a larger share of the international market to
    ba
lance between its import and export trade. ____8____
    9. Deciding how much discomfort and risk we are prepared to
    put
up with in the name of better health is a highly personal
    matter,
not a decision we should remain to doctors alone. ___9____
    10. Tele
vision, it is often said, keeps one informing about current ___10___
  
  events and the latest developments in science and politics.
       参考答案及解析
  1
. speak-> speaking
  practise后的宾语要用
-ing形式。
  2. Cons
ider -> Considering
  3. being -> w
ere
  4. cover ->
covering
  此处的co
ver用来修饰前面的名词a layer of varnish,可见应该使用非谓语动词形式。另外两者间是主动关系,故使用现在分词。
  5. f
rom -> avoid是及物动词,后面可以直接跟宾语。
  6. T
aking -> Taken
  
此处的非谓语动词take与主句主语these factors之间是被动关系。
  7. locating
-> located
  most
of them locating in outlying areas这句是独立主格结构,them指代的是residential lots,be located in表示“…坐落在…”,locate要用过去分词。
  8. between -> balance作动作词时是及物动词,后面不用加介词,意思是“使…平衡”。
  9. remain → leave?
  remain:保持、仍然
,是一个表示状态的动词,其用法和系动词“be”相似,后面所接成分一般是名词或形容词,作表语。leave是“留下,留给”的意思,是及物动词。leave sth.to sb:把某物留给某人。所以应把remain改成leave。
  10. informi
ng -> informed
  
本题中one指的是人,one与inform之间是被动关系,informed作的是宾语补足语。
  Keep
+ sth /sb + a / v-ing / v-ed,宾语补足语是用现在分词还是过去分词取决于它与sth / sb之间是被动还是主动关系。


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