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[经验分享] 四六级阅读绝招

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发表于 2012-12-8 22:04:18 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
       第一招 定点清除
  要从文章里找到想要的信息,先要明白你想要什么信息,才能有的放矢。而为了寻找的方便,不能把题目整个句子背下来——问题是背不下来。所以要划出尽量少但最有效的寻找依据。注意现在要寻找的是定位依据,所以选择的标准是:1)原文当中一定会出现。不出现,就找不着;2)只有一个地方出现。到处都是,也不知道哪儿才是答案所在;3)最好文章与题目形式相同,形式鲜明,有利于找到。所以划定位线索遵循以下原则。
  第一,形式最鲜明的专有名词和数字时间,而且多多益善。因为这些也有可能是不止一次出现,有两个或者以上,就能比较确定。
  要注意读出隐性的数字,也就是本身没有数字,但暗示文章里有数字。
  1. National standards for paved roads were in place by 1921.
  2.General Eisenhower felt that the broad German motorways made more sense than the two lane highways of America.
  3. It was in the 1950s that the American government finally took action to build a national high way system.
  1是鲜明的1921; 2有General Eisenhower, 再加上German, 还有America(但America定位的意义不大,因为它是贯穿全文的——文章讲的就是美国的事情);3也有鲜明的1950s, 参照American government.
  但也要读出5和9所暗示的数字。
  5. In spite of safety considerations, the death rate on interstate highways is still higher than that of other american roads.
  Death rate当然可能用数字来表达。

  9. Trucks using the interstate highways deliver more than ________________.
  More than后面也可能是数字。
  第二,如果没有如此鲜明的标志,其次找本句的核心概念。还要注意这是为了在原文中寻找相应的东西,所以不一定是意义最重要或者对文章最重要,而是在原文中最可能明确地找到。
  4. Many of the problems presented by the country’s geographical features found solutions in innovative engineering projects.
  5. In spite of safety considerations, the death rate on interstate highways is still higher than that of other American roads.
  6. The interstate highway system provids access between major military installations in America.
  7. Service stations, motels and restaurants promoted the development of the interstate higway system.
  4中,在原文中最容易找的会是什么?是很多问题,还是地理特征,还是创造性的工程?应该说都可能。这时候problem好,还是geographical feature等好?对定位而言,可能长得比较怪异的更打眼一些,虽然可能不认识。
  5中,safety consideration可以考虑,而death rate要么是原词,要么是数字,很好用。至于American roads这个概念太泛,不专一,就很难说了。
  6中,interstate highway system是文章的核心概念,反复出现,反而是最不好的定位词。Access between military installations比较怪异,是应该留意的对象。America再次出现,再次贬值。
  7当然是主语重要,宾语是文章主题,对定位无益。
  第三,留意一些逻辑关系。如时间前后,容易混乱;因果关系,不容颠倒;比较关系,严格对应;最高级别,要有依据。
  1. National standards for paved roads were in place by 1921.
  时间:By 1921是在此之前,到此时为止。

  2.General Eisenhower felt that the broad German motorways made more sense than the two lane highways of America.
  比较:说的是德国的比美国的好。
  5. In spite of safety considerations, the death rate on interstate highways is still higher than that of other American roads.
  比较:高速路死亡路高于马路。
  7. Service stations, motels and restaurants promoted the development of the interstate higway system.
  因果:服务性的东西促进高速路发展。
  8. The greatest benefit brought about by the interstate system was __________.
  最高级:最大的好处,意味着原文可能不只一个好处,搜索范围可能较大。
  第四,一时之间,难以判断,就多划几个词,或者注意整句的意思。只要大部分的划出来了核心,有一个两个模糊,问题不大。

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